Stichting Werkgroep Behoud Tropisch Regenwoud
This Netherlands non-government organisation has worked extensively to raise the general awareness of the Dutch public about the state of tropical rainforests. It has published a report on alternatives for the use of tropical timber and organised conferences on rainforests.
The world's leading activist environmental NGO specialising in direct action.
For 20 years it has led campaigns to protect marine mammals and the Antarctic, oppose pacific nuclear testing, and prevent marine pollution, and has been active in many other environmental issues
Sietz A. Leeflang
From 1971 to 1977 Mr. Leeflang, as founder of the "Small Earth" project (De Kleine Aarde") in Holland, stimulated many to practice ways of life, agriculture and technical method that preserve the environment and are on a human scale.
In 1977 Mr. Leeflang and his wife left the project and started a small experimental centre for alternative techniques and working methods, called "The Twelve Trades" ("De Twaalf Ambachten"). In this centre several new techniques have been developed in the fields of water and energy saving, heating and house building.
Mr. McTaggart was a founder of Greenpeace International and has been the organization's chief spokesman and Chairman since 1979.
In 1972 McTaggart sailed to French Polynesia to protest against French nuclear tests near Mururoa Atoll. This was the beginning of the many campaigns by Greenpeace against nuclear tests and whaling.
The organization has grown to three million members in 21 countries.
H. R. H. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands
In 1961 His Royal Highness Prince Bernhard of The Netherlands founded the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). He was president of WWF for 15 years, and during this period developed it into an influential global organisation and the largest worldwide non-governmental organisation in the field of nature onservation. He has successfully raised funds to finance conservation activities and projects in all countries where WWF is active. He is also President of WWF-Netherlands and in that capacity launched a television fundraising campaign in the Netherlands in 1977 which raised six million Swiss Francs for WWF funded projects. A television programme in 1987 raised over 100.000 new members for WWF-Netherlands. 30 years after the founding of WWF, Prince Bernhard continues actively to convey with great enthusiasm the message of conservation through those active in the field of nature conservation and numerous radio and TV presentations.
Environment Telephone of Vereniging
Many people have questions about paint, detergents, their car or the nasty smell coming from a nearby factory. The "Environment Telephone" is ready to answer questions of consumers about the environment at home, in the neighbourhood, in their workplace and during their leisure. The workers of the "Environment Telephone" have access to an extensive documentation system, as well as a network of people and organisations.
Vereniging Ode, Organisatie Voor
The Organisatie voor Duurzame Energie (Organisation for Renewable Energy) is a Dutch NGO specialising in promoting renewable energy applications. The organisation was founded in 1979 and now has 1000 members and 35 associated local organisations. The organisation informs the public on developments in wind-energy and solar energy, with the objective of mobilising public and local groups to support the use of renewable energy resources. It has specialised in promoting and coordinating farmers, companies and groups of small consumers to use wind turbines and solar systems.
The Dutch Cyclists Union (Fietsersbondenfb)
The Dutch Cyclists Union was established in 1975 to fight for the rights of the millions of Dutch cyclists. More than 50 local groups try to influence policy at a municipal level by means of street actions, negotiations and expert advice to encourage more people to use their bicycles, and therefore protect the environment by avoiding polluting modes of transportation. Today, the Netherlands is a model of how to integrate cyclists into a conventional public traffic network.
Mr. Roelof Hueting founded the Department of Environmental Statistics at The Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics in 1969. The Department produces statistics on the whole field of the environment, including species and resources, both in physical and monetary terms, and attempts to construct alternative national income figures, corrected for environmental losses, alongside the current figures.
Roelof Hueting assisted the Dutch Ministers of Health and Environment with their first environmental legislation, introducing "the polluter pays principle". He helped the Dutch eco-movement stop the construction of a polder in the Waddensea, an estuary of international environmental importance, which resulted in the entire polderplan being abandoned.
Hueting was co-author of a "realistic alternative scenario" estimating the consequences on the production and employment levels of an economic policy that shifts its priority from production growth to saving the environment and natural resources. His paper Correcting National Income for Environmental Losses: A Practical Solution for a Theoretical Dilemma arrives at a method of calculating a Sustainable National Income, aimed at better measuring economic success than the national income, as the latter does not take into consideration the limitations imposed by sustainable use of the environment.
Mr. Hueting is currently working on a pilot calculation for a sustainable national income of The Netherlands.
Jan C. Van der Leun
In the 1970s, few were aware of the depletion of the ozone layer. Today this phenomenon is at the forefront of the global environmental agenda, thanks to the work of Professor Jan C. van der Leun, among others. He has played a pivotal role in the assessment of ozone depletion on both human and animal health. Professor van der Leun of The Netherlands understood early in his scientific research that ozone depletion, with its potentially grave long-term consequences, needed immediate attention from the global community. He keenly evaluated the effects of ultra-violet (UV) radiation on skin, and more specifically the correlation between UV rays and skin cancer. As co-chairman of the Panel on Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion since 1988, he has presided over the process to bring together all the facts available on the adverse impact of ozone depletion on the planet's ecosystems. It is this Panel's report which persuaded governments to agree to phase out, within a specific timeframe, the consumption of ozone depleting substances. As a result, the chemical industry is working on the development of alternatives to these substances, and in a most unusual turn of events, the actual progress is now ahead of the political agreements. Since 1993, Jan C. Van der Leun has been Professor Emeritus at Utrecht University in The Netherlands, and from 1972 to 1993, he was Head of the Photodermatology Unit at the Institute of Dermatology at the same University.