Andrew D. Holleman
In 1988, at the age of 13, Andrew Holleman organised a successful community campaign to prevent a wetland in Chelmsford from being transformed into a sewage treatment leaching system. He was honoured by the US Environment Protection Agency with the 1988 Environment Merit Award.
Since then he has presented many speeches and lectures regarding the preservation of the natural environment to various groups in his state and across the USA.
If children could be made leaders in environmental programmes, Severn would surely be among them. She makes more sense than most adults who engage in small talk and do nothing. Severn, like many children her age, are doers and that means a lot when it comes to the environment. At age 5, she fought for the Indians in British Columbia to protect them from logging interests. At age 10, she founded the Environmental Children's Organization, which participated in the Earth Summit and brought the house down with her impassioned speech.
Chandra Degia and Jimmy Brown
Wildlife and Environmental Conservation (WECAN), formed in 1991, encourages environmental awareness among Jamaican youth; the development of a sustainable conservation ethic; and resource appreciation.
WECAN concentrates on youth teaching youth, Chandra and Jimmy have been the catalysts. Programmes and activities, which have been implemented, include nature hikes/camping/caving, field work with biologists, organic gardening, paper recycling, environ-rap (music), presentations by biologists, a biannual environmental magazine, a children's zoo, bird watches and slide show presentations.
They have organized a number of field excursions and have become knowledgeable about the birds of Jamaica and their habitats, and have made a number of presentations on the subject.
Chandra and Jimmy taught environmental education, developing their own curriculum, finding examples, and promoting enthusiasm for conservation among less-privileged children. Both have devoted many hours to research and to the efficient management of WECAN.
In April 1991, Friends of the Earth launched the first recycling scheme on the island. A special Guide to Recycling brochure was published and circulated to schools on the island.
Posters, stickers and reusable bags were given to all individuals and schools interested in initiating their own small scale recycling programme. In addition, seventy bins were placed in key areas in order to promote recycling in the community.
Unleaded petrol has just recently entered the Cyprus market. In April 1992 Friends of the Earth, in collaboration with Inter College, launched a campaign aimed at raising awareness on the effects of lead on human health.
Inter College's commitment to environmental protection is also reflected in its initiative to set up a course on environmental protection for business individuals, making it the only environmental studies course in the entire academic sector of the island.
Nyahode Union Learning Centre
The valley where the Nyahode Union Learning Centre is located used to be a white commercial farming area until 1980 when some refugees from Mozambique settled there. They established a secondary school, which could also be attended by young adults.
Soon, a land use plan was drawn and the students began reforesting, planting orchards, building dams and spillways to harness the high amount of rainfall and used them to irrigate the fields. With the green cover, water has not been a big problem and their area has been made into a model community.
Nafisa is a journalist for Newsline publications based in Karachi, Pakistan. She has written articles for her monthly magazine, but three of these stand out in support of environmental conservation. One is an article on a village whose inhabitants use dirty water from the Lyari river for all their needs, thus resulting in disease. The article mobilized the villagers into action and they now enjoy the benefits of a water project funded by the World Bank. Another article resulted in pressure against the government from building a highway across a national park. The highway has since been rerouted outside the wildlife preserve. A third article also pressured the government, through a court order, to stop the order which allows the hunting of the Houbara Bustard.
Macon L. Terry
Terry is an action-oriented environmental achiever. As a boy scout, he led in the effort to save the endangered green and ridgeback turtles and organized a coconut reforestation programme in Mexico.
He has spoken at many national and international fora and has used his talent in ventriloquism and puppetry to drive home his message. In the United States, he established a Children's Forest for the US Department of Agriculture. His articles and environmental cartoons have been widely circulated.
Aika was born on November 26, 1979 and passed away on December 27, 1991.
For a girl so young, Aika knew more about the environment than other children. She left a lasting legacy with the publication in several languages of her book Secrets of the Earth. The book tackles many of the problems pertaining to man and nature.
Presented as a comic book Secrets was a one-girl project. Aika drew the illustrations, composed the text, organized the layout and the overall presentation. The book is being used as a textbook in elementary and secondary schools in Japan and its relevance may prove useful in other countries as well.
Youth Nature Conservationist Centre - WOLVES
Young Nature Conservationist Centre - WOLVES - activities include environmental education and the organization of outings to "discover nature", as well as summer and winter camps.
The WOLVES participate in natural science and environmental competitions. They take part in projects such as Amphibians, Bird Protection, Bumble-Bee, The Counting of Buzzards. They also took part in: Ozone and The Blue in the Sky (a project which monitored acid rain).
They helped the Environmental Commission in their region by marking the borders of nature reserves and also help with the maintenance of these protected areas. They have their own tree and shrub nursery where they plant and care for many endangered species. They also organize programmes and lectures for elementary schools on the subject of environmental protection. WOLVES have won the competition Golden Leaf several times as well as the Silver Thread. They also hold the prestigious prize for young environmentalists. WOLVES has also influenced children in the promotion of a positive relation towards nature.
On 14 August 1993, Zulekha Ali, a young journalist who had made a name for herself in environmental journalism in a short career spanning just one year, lost her life to the waves while saving another girl from drowning.
She did a series of investigative environmental stories for her newspaper, The News, and almost everything she wrote triggered action because she followed up. Last July, the local town committee decided to turn the only children's park in the area into a maternity home, despite the fact that there were already several homes there. Zulekha did a story on the conversion mobilizing the community who took the matter to court. A stay order was obtained and the park was saved.
Last summer a dozen people drowned in the sea while celebrating the festival Eid. The cause? Illegal sand excavations and inadequate beach safety. Zulekha Ali highlighted this issue and as result Section 144 was imposed in the area prohibiting sand excavation.
Last May, a lethal chemical used in the dyeing industry was dumped along Lyari River, causing the death of two people. Zulekha followed the trial of the chemical and discovered that about 1,460 drums of the same chemical were laying in the customs warehouse. Zulekha's investigation revealed that a large number of chemicals were still dumped. This report resulted in the involvement of environmental agencies and thanks to her efforts toxic chemicals are not treated in the same passive way.