Davi Kopenawa Yanomami
The tribal leader of the 9,000-strong Yanomami community in Roraima, northern Brazil. He has campaigned for 10 years for legislative protection of Yanomami territory - an area of nine million hectares of tropical forests, lakes and mountains. This area is not only an important cultural heritage, but one of the world's largest "banks" of genetic diversity.
Vivian John Wilson
In 1973 Mr. Wilson started the Chipangali Wildlife Orphanage. Its work involves rescuing trapped or injured wildlife, caring for orphaned animals, returning captive animals to the wild, establishing breeding groups of endangered African wildlife, research into wildlife and ecology, and education of the public, particularly children, in all fields of conservation. In addition, Mr. Wilson is carrying out surveys on the distribution of Cheetah in Zimbabwe and on protection of the Chirinda forest. Mr. Wilson, a biologist, won the Rolex Enterprise Award in 1987 for his research on the duiker. He is chairman of Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Board.
A journalist and writer on the environment. His weekly page in the daily, "Haveeru", has been published for four years, generating environmental awareness in the public and government. Mr. Zahir has brought to the attention of government the alarming coral reefs base crack which led to an investigation by experts. He is a member of VESHI, an NGO committed to sustainable development and the stopping of environmental degradation. Mr. Zahir was honoured with the National Award of Encouragement in 1989 for his outstanding services to the environment.
Murlidhar (Baba Amte)
20 years ago, Mr. Amte, popularly known as "Baba", established Anandwan, a settlement for leprosy victims in central India. Anandwan now houses 2,500 leprosy victims and 500 blind children who grow food by using fertiliser produced from biogas reactors. They also produce energy for cooking and lighting by feeding organic matter and human excrement into the central biogas unit. Recently Anandwan has adopted North African technology which enables them to building the roof structures of houses without using wood. "Baba" Amte has also directed efforts toward saving forests and indigenous populations from the degradation used by dam projects.
Mr. Araujo farms, writes and directs nature documentary films. His lectures on ecology and his newspaper and magazine articles aim at raising public awareness and protecting the environment. He is the author of 16 books, some 400 articles and has given over 300 lectures to universities throughout Spain. Araujo has directed several documentary series for television, founded several Spanish environmental societies and served as President of the first State Centre for Environmental Education in Spain.
Biplab Bhushan Basu
Mr. Basu founded the Young Scientists Society in Calcutta in 1964, now called the School of Fundamental Research. The School has dedicated 28 years to spreading scientific and environmental awareness to the grassroot level by developing innovative environmental management programmes. The Natural Forest Revival Programmes have regenerated more than 7,000 hectares of natural forest by adding millions of tree saplings to and degraded forested areas. Over the last five years more than 3,000 hectares have been protected from soil erosion and more than 5,000 hectares of wasteland could be biologically reclaimed. Basu has conducted over 100 training camps for village youths and his school comprises 200 active eco-volunteers.
In 1984, BAUM ("Tree") - the German Environmental Management Association - was founded by Mr. Winter, a German entrepreneur. This integrated system of environmental management was the first and only systematic attempt to provide businesses with practical checklists on environmentally sound behaviour from production to marketing and transportation to training. Since its founding, BAUM's membership has grown from 10 to 250 companies. In 1991 organisations will join to create the first international, independent, industry network devoted to helping business cope with environmental issues.
H. R. H. Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands
In 1961 His Royal Highness Prince Bernhard of The Netherlands founded the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). He was president of WWF for 15 years, and during this period developed it into an influential global organisation and the largest worldwide non-governmental organisation in the field of nature onservation. He has successfully raised funds to finance conservation activities and projects in all countries where WWF is active. He is also President of WWF-Netherlands and in that capacity launched a television fundraising campaign in the Netherlands in 1977 which raised six million Swiss Francs for WWF funded projects. A television programme in 1987 raised over 100.000 new members for WWF-Netherlands. 30 years after the founding of WWF, Prince Bernhard continues actively to convey with great enthusiasm the message of conservation through those active in the field of nature conservation and numerous radio and TV presentations.
Gertrude Duby Blom
In 1943 Ms. Blom joined the first Mexican government-sponsored expedition through the highland Mayan villages of the Chiapas rainforest on muleback. There she met the Lacandons, a group of Mayans who had been isolated from civilisation for almost three centuries. This peace was shattered when private and commercial greed for the mahogany in the Lacandon rainforest stimulated massive road building and tree cutting into their area. Blom supported the Lacandons by writing, photographing, and publishing articles about the Lacandon culture. Today, at 89 years of age she continues to seek solutions to the ecological problems devastating local and worldwide indigenous populations.
For 15 years, Mr. Brandenburg took photographs for National Geographic magazine, winning many international photography awards. He has been a member of the Board of Directors at America's premier environmental learning centre, Wolf Ridge, for 15 years. This group teaches over 10,000 young people annually. In 1989 he founded Concerts for the Environment, a national non-profitmaking organisation dedicated to raising consciousness and support for environmental concerns through music. He has taken a portfolio of photographs for the Nature Conservancy to inaugurate their prairie conservation programme.