U. B. Lindstrom
Professor Lindstrom, originally an agricultural scientist, now a full time development worker, has made numerous speeches and written books and hundreds of articles on global solidarity and environmental responsibility in international economic relations. His practical contributions to sustainable development include successful forestry projects in Africa, with voluntary funding from Finland.
Oliver Henry Knowles
A dedicated environmentalist, Oliver Knowles has been responsible since 1977 for ecological conservation at Mineracao Rio del Norte (MRN), working at the bauxite mining area in Amazonia, Brazil.
He has done pioneering work in land and water regeneration, the classification and preservation of species and most particularly in the spread of environmental education within the Company workforce and in local communities. His work on the rehabilitation of land after bauxite mining is a model to all companies working in tropical rainforest areas. He conceived and implemented his company's programme, "Five Minutes for the Environment".
Knowles was awarded the Marshall Candido Rondon medal in 1972 for his contribution to the responsible development of Amazonia, and the MBE in 1990 for his work on forest preservation in Brazil.
Development Alternatives, founded in 1983, was one of the first major organisations set up specifically to address the problems of sustainable development. Its objectives are to attach the problems of poverty, resource degradation and population growth at the village level on a large, national scale in a self-financing manner. To achieve this, it has adopted the strategy of focussing sophisticated scientific, technological and management methods to the solution of simple everyday problems of survival and subsistence. Led by Ashok Khosla, the organisation has built up a major research centre which develops innovative technologies for basic human needs. Examples of such technologies include: low cost but high grade construction using local materials such as mud, fuel-efficient woodstoves for cooking, handmade recycled paper and high-productivity handloom weaving machines.
Hayrettin Karaca gave up his 31 -year business life to begin work on conserving flora, and established the only private arboretum in Turkey.
The Karaca Arboretum has approximately 6000 varied trees and shrubs from Turkey and the rest of the world. The Arboretum is open to the public and all scientific foundations and trains students in agriculture and forestry.
Karaca also helped launch the Karaca Arboretum Magazine, a scientific periodical. Over the last five years, he has given over 30 lectures to students inside and outside the country.
Zhang Jia-Shun of Yingshang County, China, established in the mid 1970s a model village based on comprehensive" principles for the integrated development of agriculture, including forestry, horticulture and fisheries. This project was mobilised entirely by the villagers, without any state funding. It was followed in 1978 by a reconstruction programme, as the village was repeatedly subject to floods and drought and dominated by a low productivity monoculture.
The programme included soil improvement, harnessing of water for irrigation, village planning and biological reconstruction through tree planting and animal husbandry.
Kazuo Hishida, President of the Hishida Office of Planning and Environment, has participated in the formulation of national environmental protection policies in Japan. His efforts in the 60s and 70s have led to the drafing emission standard papers and technical guidelines for emission control for factories. He was recently appointed First Foreign Counsellor of the Research Centre for Eco-Environmental, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Jorge Ignacio Hernandez Camacho
Dr Camacho's promotion of environmental awareness has contributed greatly to the establishment of the National Parks System. His 30-year public concern for Colombia's wildlife and natural resources is reflected in his scientific publications which have provided important models for conservation activities in forests, ecosystems, wildlife and water management activities.
In 1989, Edwige Guillon, (founder member and National Secretary of "Le Jour de la Terre" - Earth-Day France), resident of Saint-Calais, approached school directors to persuade them to teach children about environmental issues.
As a result, teachers, most of them women, developed projects for the children on paper recycling: "don't throw away any more,trees". Conferences, exhibitions and treeplanting programmes were held and state schools participated. Several collections of waste paper have been organised while waiting for permanent containers. The behaviour towards their environment of the 32,000 residents of Saint-Calais and the surrounding area is improving.
Legeia Gonzalez L.
Legeia Gonzalez, Project Manager of the Foundation for the Research and Protection of the Environment, has organized workshops, seminars and other activities for grassroots groups in Colombia's Middle Pacific Region to teach groups about environmentally-safe technologies and systems.
Gonzalez and her group have helped women pursue income-generating activities using new environment-friendly labour-saving technologies. The Colombian communities are now using the rain forest as "extract reserves" to obtain what they need from the forest without interfering with the basic ecological processes.
Golden Hope Plantations Berhad
In 1989, the Golden Hope Plantations Berhad group adopted a zerobum technique on four of the Golden Hope estates in Malaysia, over an area of approximately 600 hectares. This technique required old stands to be felled, shredded, pulverised and left to decompose in situ. No burning was carried out - in contrast to the conventional clearing system - and it has contributed to a clean air environment.
The zeroburn system has replenished soil organic matter and improved the soil's physical properties to enhance fertility. The zeroburn technique has since become a standard practice for all the Group's palm oil estates.