Ms. Lorraine Adams has played an outstanding role in advancing the cause of conservation and environmental protection in coastal North Otago, New Zealand. Thanks to her efforts local authorities and industry are facing up to their responsibilities.
Prior to Ms. Adams making a public issue of the neglected condition of the Oamaru foreshore, this beach has been the site of fouling by sewage and industrial waste from timber plants, abattoirs and freezing-works plants. Ms. Adams' actions brought the anger of civic leaders and on every point raised by her and denied by local authorities, she has been found to be correct. She has been tireless in cleaning litter and debris from the beach and has obtained the support of many schools. Most of the planting along the shoreline has been carried out and substantially financed by her.
The colonies of blue penguins have also benefited from her actions, which have improved nesting sites and increased their safety from predators.
Professor Seth Sunday Ajayi
Professor Ajayi's contributions, nationally and internationally, have enhanced intellectual and scientific approaches to wildlife conservation and training, not only in Nigeria, but throughout Africa.
At the national level, Professor Ajayi was team leader of an expert group, which produced the Action Plan for Conservation of all renewable natural resources in Nigeria. He was also project leader at the National Science and Technology Development Agency of a research project on studies dealing with the domestication and control of wildlife species and their importance in food production and public health.
He was Chairman of the Publicity Sub-Committee of the National Wildlife Conservation Committee and Chairman of the Committee of Wildlife Specialists on the Development of Lake Kainji National Park and representative on the National Wildlife Conservation Committee at the University.
In 1980, while he was a lecturer in the Department of Forest Resources Management at the University of Ibadan, he fought relentlessly for the creation of a separate Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Management and, subsequently, became the pioneer head of the new department (1981 to 1988). As a result, the Federal and State Governments have given greater attention and support to wildlife conservation in Nigeria.
Dr. Sama Siama Banya
Dr. Sama Siama Banya is a classic example of a national figure who has worked hard to promote environmental protection and conservation in his country.
From his early professional days as a physician, Dr. Banya was able to see the correlation between a poor environment, sanitation and the health of his people. He has helped combat outbreaks of cholera and for years campaigned for a sanitized environment for the health of all.
As cabinet minister and policy maker, he was instrumental in piloting and financing the first three wildlife parks in Sierra Leone. Dr. Banya is a founding member and Honorary President of the Conservation Society of Sierra Leone (CSSL) and Vice-Chairman of the Commonwealth Human Ecology Council. CSSL works with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, the Government of Sierra Leone, the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the Jane Goodall Institute in supporting wildlife protection and sustainable development in the country's three national parks and the Gola rainforest.
One of Dr. Banya's most recent successful initiative has been to help create national awareness and to sensitize governors on wildlife conservation when he launched a special wildlife week which was graced by the Head of State and Dr. Jane Goodall.
José Pedro Castro
Mr. José Pedro Castro's contributions to the conservation of the Pampas deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) is well documented. The deer was once one of the most abundant mammals in Uruguay. As a result of commercial hunting and disease transmitted by livestock, the Pampas deer suffered a dramatic reduction and today is one of the most threatened species in Uruguay. The actual population is approximately 600 to 800, concentrated in two small areas of the country.
In 1985, this species was declared a "National Monument" of Uruguay by the Government. The survival of this species is owed, in great part, to the protection given by Mr. Castro. On his farmland survive the majority of the deers - more than 500. He set aside more than 1,200 hectares of his land to assure the survival of this deer without any financial benefit.
Raffi Cavoukian - known as Raffi to his fans - is an active supporter of the environment who brings joy to children through his songs and performances. He tells of love of other people and of the wonderful creatures with which we share the planet. His Baby Beluga is a song, which teaches respect and love for other species.
He gave a major donation to the David Suzuki Foundation, which enabled it to get off the ground. His recent record Evergreen, Everblue has a very strong environmental message. He has successful woven his passion and concern for the environment into his performances.
His gentle, supportive style has encouraged hundreds of thousands of his young listeners to be more environmentally aware. Raffi has been credited by the music industry for leading the campaign to reduce wasteful packaging of compact discs and cassettes. His current publishing contract calls for his books to be printed on non-chlorine bleached recycled paper with non-toxic, vegetable based inks.
In 1992, Raffi was named a UNEP Goodwill Ambassador with special responsibility for youth.
Jesus Arias Chavez
Mr. Jesus Arias Chavez, an expert in alternative technologies for 30 years, is a member of the Xochicalli Foundation and an ardent promoter of Mexican Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).
He is part of Mexico's large ecological movement and has shared his expertise in biotechnology, organic agriculture and environmental monitoring with numerous academic and research institutions. Many of his technological findings have been applied nationally and internationally and his advice on environmental matters is often sought by Federal Government and environmentalists in Mexico.
His work has been used in more than 50 countries where he has either constructed, designed or planned technologies such as tools, machines, systems, parks, houses, farms and ecological communities.
Mr. Yul Choi has played a key role in the environmental movement in Korea. In 1982, he founded Korea's first environmental organization - The Korea Pollution Research Institute.
In 1985, he revealed that more than 40,000 people were suffering from pollution caused by the industrial complex in the Onsan area. As a result of a scientific survey, which he undertook, and thanks to the support of NGOs, the Government acted by relocating the people and also offered medical treatment.
His achievements include organizing nuclear campaign groups to stop the construction of two nuclear power plants and in 1990 he led the campaign to protect the greenbelt of forests and nature reserves. He was chief executor of the boycott against the company, Doosan, which illegally spilled the toxic chemical phenol into the river and Director of Korean NGO Committee for the Earth Summit in Brazil.
He is now Secretary-General of the largest environmental organization, Korea Action Federation for Environment with 60 full time staff, 12,000 members and 11 regional offices.
The Ghandruk Conservation and Development Committee
The Ghandruk Conservation and Development Committee is a grassroots local organization formed in 1987 under the guidance of the Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP).
The Committee comprises local people from Ghandruk village who have the knowledge and wisdom in traditional resource management including forest management. The Committee is also involved in environmentally sound small-scale development activities in order to enhance the quality of life of the local people. The Committee has been working to solve local environmental problems such as deforestation, landslides and pollution from tourism in the Annapurna Sanctuary area. The Committee has brought an innovative approach to conservation with sustainable rural development.
In 1992, the Ghandruk Conservation and Development Committee won the J. Paul Getty Wildlife Conservation Prize for its environmental efforts.
As President of World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) International, His Royal Highness. The Prince Phillip, Duke of Edinburgh pioneered an innovative scheme to bring together world religions in the name of conservation. This effort culminated with WWF's 25th Anniversary in Assissi, Italy, where top representatives of the world's major faiths gathered to issue declarations on the environment and to assess what their faiths had to say about nature. This gathering contributed to preserving the environment and promoted goodwill and understanding in an inter-faith context. This initiative helped reach untold millions worldwide with a conservation message through religious channels.
His Royal Highness has written a number of books on the environmental including Birds of Britannia (1962), Wildlife Crisis (1970) and The Environmental Revolution (a collection of his speeches from 1962 to 1977). His later speeches have been compiled in three other books entitled: A Question of Balance, Men, Machines and Sacred Cows, and Down to Earth.
Dr. Karen Eckert
Dr. Karen Eckert is one of the most important figures in conservation and grassroots community empowerment in the fields of endangered species in the Wider Caribbean Region.
She is the Executive Director of the Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network (WIDECAST) which seeks to restore depleted sea turtle species and promote sustainable co-existence between Caribbean peoples and their marine resources.
Through Dr. Eckert's efforts WIDECAST seeks to integrate both government and non-government groups in establishing scientifically-sound resource management policies in 36 Caribbean states and territories. Under Dr. Eckert's direction, the project has resulted in a comprehensive series of nationwide Sea Turtle Recovery Action Plans. The WIDECAST model conceived and designed by Dr. Eckert, consists of a regional recovery team of senior sea turtle scientists who volunteer their time and expertise in training local country coordinators. These individuals, in turn, work with residents in defining a national agenda for the recovery of sea turtle stocks.
The direct involvement of in-country grassroots networks is the heart and soul of the WIDECAST programme. It educates the local network about marine resource management and creates an advocacy body, which will ensure implementation of the plan. These plans are locally generated and are customized to local needs, culture and regulatory systems.