Commandant Cousteau is a distinguished marine explorer and inventor of deep-sea diving equipment. He pioneered conservation of marine resources worldwide through his writings, lectures and award winning films.
In 1989, he was inducted into the famous Académie Française, France's highest form of recognition for lifetime cultural contributions. In 1991, the Catalan Institute of Mediterranean Studies in Barcelona awarded Captain Cousteau its International Catalan Prize. The Smithsonian Institution in Washington honored Cousteau with the James Smithson Bicentennial Medal in 1996.
Captain Cousteau was an official guest at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. The following year, he was appointed to the UN High-Level Advisory Board on Sustainable Development and agreed to serve as advisor on environmentally sustainable development to the World Bank. That same year, the President of France named him Chairman of a newly-created Council on the Rights of Future Generations; Captain Cousteau resigned this post in 1995 to protest France's resumption of nuclear testing in the Pacific.
Through The Cousteau Society, which he founded in 1973, the Captain focused his efforts to protect and improve the quality of life for present and future generations. Supported by contributions from members and the public, the Society has carried out expeditions throughout the world to document humanity's interaction with natural ecosystems, and to rouse the consciousness of Earth's citizens.
some text is from http://www.cousteausociety.org/