A major environmental health risk that has an impact on people everywhere is air pollution. From minor discomfort to serious cardiovascular and respiratory conditions, it can lead to a variety of health issues. The influence of various air pollution types on human health is covered in the paragraphs that follow.
What does Air Pollution mean?
Vehicle emissions, fuel oils, natural gas, industrial byproducts, smoke from wildfires, volcanic ash and gasses, and gasses released from decomposing organic matter in soils are just a few of the potentially dangerous compounds that can be found in air pollution. The term “traffic-related air pollution” (TRAP) refers to a complex gas and particle combination that includes numerous elements of air pollution that is the result of human activity.
Effects of Air Pollution on Health
A variety of health issues, from minor annoyance to serious respiratory and cardiovascular disorders, can be brought on by exposure to air pollution. Respiratory problems like asthma and chronic bronchitis can be brought on by noxious gasses like carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides. Ozone exposure impairs lung function and can cause respiratory issues, while exposure to fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) can result in lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke.
The negative effects of air pollution on health are more likely to affect vulnerable populations like children, elderly adults, and persons with pre-existing diseases. Pregnancy-related exposure to air pollution may harm the development of the fetus.
Climate Change and Air Pollution
Climate change and air pollution have many of the same causes, including emissions from burning fossil fuels. Via intricate atmospheric interactions, they have an impact on one another.
Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses are released into the atmosphere during the burning of fossil fuels, trapping heat and causing climate change. Contrarily, air pollution can influence cloud formation and lower the quantity of sunlight that reaches the Earth’s surface, both of which can have an impact on the temperature.
People all around the world are affected by air pollution, which is a serious environmental health risk. Human-made causes of air pollution are a primary source of this issue. We must rely less on fossil fuels and switch to cleaner, more sustainable energy sources if we want to lessen the harmful effects of air pollution on the environment and human health. We can safeguard both the environment and our health by doing these things.